171114 BTR 3DAIt has been more than fifteen years since Kharkiv Morozov Machinery Design Bureau developed its BTR-3E armored personnel carrier (APC) vehicle. During this period, the vehicle, which is being produced by the Kyiv Armored Vehicles Factory, has not just proven its worth, but undergone a number of capability-enhancing changes to its design. Recently, the BTR-3DA upgrade has been developed based on lessons learned with the use of the BTR-3E vehicle in Eastern Ukraine’s Donbas Oblast region.

The BTR-3 is a 8x8-wheeled APC vehicle designed for battlefield troops transport and to provide fire support to dismounted soldiers. It is intended to support infantry forces operating in various battlefield environments and conditions, including NBC environments.


Since 2002, the BTR-3 product family has been expanded to include configurations such as the BTR-3U, BTR-3U1, BTR-3E, BTR-3E1, BTR-3 ARV towing truck, BTR-3 CPWS-30 fire support vehicle, BTR-3M1/M2 self-propelled mortar, BTR-3K command vehicle, BTR-3С battlefield ambulance, BTR-3RK self-propelled anti-tank gun, and BTR-3BR armored repair/recovery vehicle. The BTR-3 has been exported in different configurations to more than a dozen country markets, Thailand being the biggest customer with over two hundred BTR-3E1 vehicles delivered.

 

171114 BTR 3DA 2
Experiences with the use of BTR-3 vehicles in real-world operational scenarios in the Donbas Theater of Operations revealed the need for comprehensive improvements to the vehicle’s design. Nearly 740 changes have been made to produce an actually new vehicle with enhanced capabilities, known as BTR-3DA.


During 1Q and 2Q 2016, Kyiv Armored Vehicles Factory built two prototype BTR-3DA vehicles, each equipped with a four-stroke, six-cylinder Deutz BF6M 1015CP liquid-cooled diesel engine coupled to an Allison 3200SP automatic transmission.


At the current stage of development, the BTR-3DA can negotiate a slope of 30o, and can cross vertical obstacles of 0.7 m and trench obstacles of 2 m. When loaded to its full combat weight of 16.5 tons, it can develop up to 104 km/h speed on highway.
The BTR-3DA is fitted with the BM-3M "Storm-M" weapons station. This is stabilized in two axis using a current-generation digital SVU-50-4S stabilizer system with solid-state gyroscopes. The weapons station accommodates a conventional 30-mm ZTM-1 automatic gun with 350 rounds of ready-use ammunition, two Barrier anti-tank guided missile launchers, and a 30-mm KBA-117 automatic grenade launcher coaxial with a KT-7.62 machine gun with 2,000 rounds of ready-use ammunition. A panoramic observation system enabling almost 360-degree situational awareness is provided for the crew and infantry passengers.


On the left side of the hull, there is an auxiliary power supply unit allowing the vehicle to run the BM-3M Storm-M weapons station without the main engine running.


The BTR-3DA upgrade provides enhanced armor protection for the crew and infantry squad, with the number of interior protective layers increased from seven to sixteen. It additionally provides enhanced protection against the impacts of shell splinters, and slat armor will protect against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade threats. To provide the desired level of protection, the vehicle’s hull, manufactured domestically by Lozova Forge Mechanical Plant, is built of Belgian-supplied armor steel, but steels manufactured in Poland and Finland are suitable for this purpose too, as recommended by the Designer Authority.
The vehicle has been subjected to a series of very challenging departmental trials that revealed a number of design weaknesses. Some have been eliminated, while the others are being dealt with by the Designer. The Storm-M weapons station is planned to be upgraded with an EO module integrating a thermal imaging camera supplied by Izyum Instrument Factory, Kharkiv Oblast.


The BTR-3DA has been inducted into service with the Ukrainian military, while the other security forces are equipped mainly with the BTR-3E1 and BTR-3E1-U configurations. Vehicles maintenance and servicing are done on spot by respective units’ repair teams or field teams from Kyiv Armored Vehicles Factory, which is also responsible for doing repairs at its own facilities in case field repairs are impossible or failed.

 

171114 BTR 3DA 3

On the left side of the hull, there is an auxiliary power supply unit allowing the vehicle to run the BM-3M Storm-M weapons station without the main engine running


For more expeditious repairs of BTR-3DA vehicles, each will need to come complete with a group set of tools and accessories containing replacements for most vulnerable parts and components.


Kyiv Armored Vehicles Factory has built two BTR-3K command vehicles so far. These are only differentiated outwardly from their baseline counterpart by virtue of having a number of aerial outputs from vehicle communications and navigation systems.
Kyiv Armored Vehicles Factory has continued work on manufacturing BTR-3DA vehicles required by Ukraine’s National Guard.
Overall, the new vehicle has come out pretty good. It has gained a new quality due to improvements introduced based on experiences with its use in real-world operational scenarios in Eastern Ukraine.

 

                                                         Parametric comparison BTR-3E1 vs BTR-3DA

 

 

BTR-3E1

BTR-3DA

Vehicle Type 

Wheeled, for-axis with all four wheels driving; amphibious

Wheeled, for-axis with all four wheels driving; amphibious

Mass 

16 t

16.5 t

Crew

3 (commander, driver, gunner)

3 (commander, driver, gunner)

Infantry squad

10

≥6

Length

7,850 mm

7,850 mm

Width

2,900 mm

2,900 mm

Height

2,415 mm

2,774 mm

 

 

 

Ride height

450 mm

460 mm

Turn radius

13.2 m

13.2 m

Max. Speed

 

 

On highway

100 km/h (during one hour)

100 km/h

While afloat

≤8 km/h

8 km/h

Fuel consumption per 100 km

 

 

On highway

49 l

49 l

While off-road

92 l

92 l

 

 

 

Fuel range

    On highway

 

≤600 km

 

≤600 km

   While off-road

360 km

360 km

Max. angle of ascend

30o

30o

Max. angle of side-slope stability

25o

25o

Weapons station  

BM-3 Storm

 

BM-3 Storm-M 

 

Armaments by type

ZTM-1 automatic gun, KBA-17/AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher, PKT-7.62 machine gun, Barrier ATG missile launcher

ZTM-1 automatic gun, KBA-17/AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher, PKT-7.62 machine gun, Barrier ATG missile launcher

Engine

Inline, four-stroke, six-cylinder, liquid-cooled diesel

V-type, four-stroke, six-cylinder, liquid-cooled diesel

Engine brand

MTU6R106TD21

DEUTZ BF-6M 1015C (EURO2)

Transmission

Allison 3200 SP automatic transmission

Allison 3200 SP automatic transmission

Auxiliary power supply unit for the weapons station

Non-available

Available

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Translation

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